The Kalaureia Excavation Project: The 2003 season

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2005
Authors  B. Wells; A. Penttinen et al
Journal Title  Opuscula Atheniensia
Volume  30
Pages  127-215

Starting with the 2003 season, the objectives for the Kalaureia excavations aim specifically at exploring daily life in the Poseidon sanctuary and the environment within it as well as the sanctuary in its environment. This report comprises a primary publication of the archaeological contexts uncovered during the 2003 season. A foundation wall (Wall 09) in Area D01 with its associated floor layer takes the sanctuary back at least to the eighth century BC. Through substantial terraces the temenos was extended time and again during the following centuries towards the south and southeast to accommodate its visitors and the activities taking place in it. In the Archaic period more than one such extension was made. The present-day lay-out of the sanctuary seems to have been created in the second half of the fourth century when Buildings D and C were constructed possibly together with the so-called propylon Building E. In the corner between this building and Building D, a deposit of fragments of pottery, animal bones, mollusks and six coins represents a feast held around 165 BC in which a large number of people participated. It was a one-time deposition, which was constrained within walls and immediately covered. In addition to the excavation reports, there is an appendix dealing with the transport amphorae found in Building D in 2003. 

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